Brain Injury Lawyers for New York & New Jersey
Every day in the United States, an average of 138 people die from traumatic or acquired brain injuries. If you or your family are dealing with a brain injury, our lawyers can help. We serve the communities of Brooklyn, Staten Island, The Bronx, Manhattan, Queens, NY and NJ. Brain injuries represent 30% of all injury deaths in this country. Brain injuries range in seriousness from mild to severe and can present numerous challenges to those who live with them.
- Mild to Moderate: A person is considered to have a mild to moderate brain injury if he or she experiences a temporary loss of consciousness, of memory, or of other normal brain functions. A person may not have any long-term side effects with a mild brain injury, while moderate brain injuries can cause permanent complications. Although some can be more severe, most concussions fall under the mild to moderate category.
- Moderate to Severe: If a person suffers from prolonged loss of consciousness, memory, or other brain function, he or she is diagnosed with a moderate to severe brain injury. Changes in thinking or behavior resulting from a moderate to severe brain injury can last significantly longer – some can be permanent. Because of the possibility of long-term complications, it is very important to hire an experienced brain injury attorney if someone has sustained a moderate or severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).
What is a brain injury?
A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by a jolt or blow to the head, or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the function of the brain and diminishes cognitive abilities or physical functioning. Not all blows to the head result in a TBI.
What are the most common causes of brain injuries?
- Motor vehicle accidents – Motor vehicle accidents are the most common cause of head injuries. Besides blunt force trauma, severe cases of whiplash can also cause bruising of the brain.
- Falls: Falls are the second most common cause of brain injuries. Tripping or slip and falls occur frequently. Often they are accidental and caused by the individual, although sometimes they are caused by the negligence of others. Our lawyers are well versed in brain injuries, and have the experience to help you with slip and fall type injuries.
- Blunt force: When an individual is hit on the head, whether accidentally or on purpose, blunt force trauma and brain injuries can occur. Blunt force is the third most common cause of head injuries.
Different types of Brain Injuries
Brain injuries and their severity can vary drastically. A brain injury can leave a person unable to think normally, move or speak well. Although some injuries may heal with time, many brain injuries can permanently rob people of their quality of life. If someone else’s negligence caused a serious head injury, pursuing legal action with the help of an experienced brain injury attorney can potentially provide some form of justice, as well as compensation for the injury. While a claim can’t undo the damage from the injury, it can help ensure that the injured victim can get the right kind of care and support after a serious accident and as needed in the future.
The brain is complex and the symptoms caused by a brain injury can widely vary. In fact, two people can experience the same kind of trauma to the same location of the brain, yet experience completely different outcomes. The complicated nature of brain injuries often makes it difficult for people to find answers, the best personal treatment options, and the way to pay for the right medical support.
Common types of brain injuries:
- Concussions: A concussion injury occurs when a force jolts the brain against the inside of the skull. People can get a concussion as the result of a fall, during striking incidents, and from whiplash movements in a car accident. Concussions are also common injuries in sports. While a mild concussion may heal on its own over time, a more serious concussion can cause a loss of consciousness, nerve damage, swelling, bleeding and other types of damage. Permanent damage may be experienced from one serious blow, or from multiple blows experienced over time. Contact sports players who receive repeated minor concussions over time can develop chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). This condition worsens over time and can cause changes in personality, mood, and cognitive functioning. Anyone who suffers a blow or jolt to the head should get medical help and watch for signs of a more serious brain injury. Sudden changes in personality, mood, motor functioning and coordination, consciousness, vision and hearing may be signs of a more serious brain injury.
- Diffuse axonal: In a diffuse axonal injury, the skull moves faster than the brain, causing nerve and tissue tears. The injury can be caused by fast shaking or rapid turning movements and can cause a wide variety of symptoms, similar to a concussion. Depending upon which nerves and parts of the brain are damaged, a diffuse axonal injury could affect cognitive ability, mood, motor functioning, speech, vision, and other functions.
- Loss of oxygen – anoxia and hypoxia: Damage to the respiratory system, drowning, overdosing, infections, and suffocation can lead to the total loss (anoxia) or partial loss (hypoxia) of oxygen to the brain. The brain begins to die if a person goes too long without oxygen. These conditions may result in severe and permanent injury to the brain, or death.
- Penetration injuries: When an object breaks the surface of the skin and skull, it causes a penetration injury. Such impalement injuries can happen to any area of the brain and cause a wide range of symptoms. While some structures in the brain may heal over time, others may permanently lose the ability to function normally.
Complications may also accompany any brain injury. Hemorrhaging (uncontrolled bleeding) and edema (swelling) in the brain can both create pressure inside the skull and cause additional damage.
The Effects of Brain Injuries
The side effects of a brain injury vary greatly in severity and depend on the extent of the damage. People who have suffered a brain injury usually require vocational rehabilitation, physical therapy, or speech therapy. Some side effects of a head injury last only a few days, while others can last a lifetime. Effects include impaired memory or memory loss, changes in thinking or movement, loss of sensation, and emotional effects on families and loved ones. In the United States, over 5 million people currently need some type of assistance following a brain injury.
Sadly, on average, 2,000 brain injury victims end up in a permanent vegetative state each year, and another 50,000 do not survive the brain injury. In the United States, a brain injury-related death happens every five minutes.
There are complications which may also accompany any brain injury. Hemorrhaging (uncontrolled bleeding) and edema (swelling) in the brain can create pressure inside the skull and additional damage.
Contact an experienced New York Brain Injury law firm today
If you would like to know if you have a brain injury-related case, please call or email our personal injury firm. We will meet with you at no charge and provide you a free consultation and case evaluation. Our brain injury lawyers serve the New York boroughs of Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, The Bronx, and Staten Island as well as New Jersey.